Unit1 Complete the sentences with the words in brackets and the suffix -ment or -ism. 1. What is the going to do about this problem? (govern) Correct answer government define. refers to a contemporary way of thinking, and is not easy to define. (postmodern) Correct answer Postmodernism PostPost-war economic led to the creation of new universities in the 1960s. (develop) Correct answer development We must combat money worship and extreme . (individual) Correct answer individualism The two groups discussed for a long time, but couldn't reach an . (agree) Correct answer agreement 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. The best we can make for the future is to provide opportunities for the younger generation. generation. (invest) Correct answer investment 7. is the belief that men and women should be treated differently. (sex) Correct answer Sexism The of Wordsworth is evident in his poem on the French Revolution. (romantic) Correct answer romanticism 8. Rewrite the sentences using so / neither / nor + inversion. Follow the example. Example: The gap between childhood and college has shrunk.
The gap between college and the real world has shrunk, too. The gap between childhood and college has shrunk, and so has the gap between college and the real world. 1. The world has changed a lot since the 1960s. Universities have changed a lot, too. Suggested answer: The world has changed a lot since the 1960s, and so have universities. 2. I really enjoyed my years at university. Jackie also enjoyed the time she spent at university. Suggested answer: I really enjoyed my years at university, and so did Jackie. for 3. Choosing the right course is always a major problem for new students. Another major problem is organizing one's time on campus. Suggested answer: Choosing the right course is always a major problem for new students, and so is organizing one's time on campus. post4. I'm thinking of going to the lecture on post-colonial literature. Li Ming is thinking of going, too. Suggested answer: postI'm thinking of going to the lecture on post-colonial literature, and so is Li Ming. 5. I think the facilities in our college have improved over the last few years. In my opinion the teaching has also got better. Suggested answer: I think the facilities in our college have improved over the last few years, and so has the teaching. 6. We can access the Internet in our student hostel, and it's the same for everyone else campus. on campus. Suggested answer: We can access the Internet in our student hostel, and so can everyone else on campus. 7. I'm not very interested in politics. My friends aren't either. Suggested answer: I'm not very interested in politics, nor are my friends. 8. I won't be doing much tonight. My roommate won't be doing much either. Suggested answer: I won't be doing much tonight, nor will my roommate. Rewrite the sentences using mean. Follow the example. Example: When you went to college you had your first taste of real freedom. Going to college meant your first taste of real freedom. 1. When you start out at college you meet lots of interesting people. Suggested answer: Starting out at college means meeting lots of interesting people. to 2. If you go to bed too late you won't be able to concentrate the next day. Suggested answer:
Going to bed too late means not being able to concentrate the next day. 3. When you do a course in Lit Theory you spend a lot of time on difficult subjects. answer: Suggested answer: Doing a course in Lit Theory means spending a lot of time on difficult subjects. 4. To be interested in literature is to have an open mind about other ways of life. Suggested answer: other Being interested in literature means having an open mind about other ways of life. 5. To protest against the Vietnam War in the 1960s you went out onto the streets. Suggested answer: Protesting against the Vietnam War in the 1960s meant going out onto the streets. 6. When you go to college today you spend a lot of time thinking about what you will do time afterwards. Suggested answer: Going to college today means spending a lot of time thinking about what you will do afterwards Translate the sentences into Chinese. 1. On university campuses in Europe, mass socialist or communist movements gave rise to increasingly violent clashes between the establishment and the college students, with their new and passionate commitment to freedom and justice. Suggested answer: 在欧洲的大学校园里，大学生以新的姿态和激情投入到争取自由和正义的事业中去， 在欧洲的大学校园里，大学生以新的姿态和激情投入到争取自由和正义的事业中去，大规 模的社会主义或运动引发了他们与之间日益升级的。
2. These days political, social and creative awakening seems to happen not because of college, but in spite of it. Of course, it's true that higher education is still important. For example, in the UK, Prime Minister Blair was close to achieving his aim of getting 50 per cent of all under thirties into college by 2010 (even though a cynic would say that this was to keep them off the unemployment statistics). Suggested answer: 现在，、社会和创造意识的觉醒似乎不是凭借大学的助力，而是冲破其阻力才发生的。
例如，在英国，布莱尔首相几乎实现了到 2010 年让 50％ 岁以下的人上大学的目标（即使愤世嫉俗的人会说， 50％的 30 岁以下的人上大学的目标（即使愤世嫉俗的人会说，这是要把他们排除在失业统 计数据之外） 计数据之外） 。
3. I never hoped to understand the nature of my generation or how American colleges This are changing by going to Lit Theory classes. This is the class where you look cool, a bit Tsleepy from too many late nights and wearing a T-shirt with some ironic comment such Tas "Been there, done that and yes, this IS the T-shirt". Suggested answer: 我从没指望通过上文学理论课来了解我这一代人的特征，或了解美国大学在如何变化。
这 门课是让你在课堂上扮酷的——带着一丝熬夜太多的困劲儿 带着一丝熬夜太多的困劲儿， 恤衫， 门课是让你在课堂上扮酷的——带着一丝熬夜太多的困劲儿，穿着一件 T 恤衫，上面印着 去过那儿，干过那事儿， 恤衫” 或诸如此类带有揶揄意味的俏皮话。
“去过那儿，干过那事儿，对，这就是那件 T 恤衫” 或诸如此类带有揶揄意味的俏皮话。
， 4. We're a generation that comes from what has been called the short century
(1914– (1914–1989), at the end of a century of war and revolution which changed civilizations, overthrew repressive governments, and left us with extraordinary opportunities and privilege, more than any generation before. Suggested answer: 我们这一代人来自所谓的短世纪（1914－1989） 生于其后期。
，生于其后期 我们这一代人来自所谓的短世纪（1914－1989） 生于其后期。
这个世纪充满了战争和革 ， 它改变了人类文明，了强权，给我们留下了非同寻常的机会和特权。
Done with this task. Translate 5 Translate the sentences into English. 采取的一系列措施不但没有化解，反倒激起更多的。
(give rise to; form an alliance with; launch; bring about) Suggested answer: Instead of resolving contradictions, the series of measures taken by the government government gave rise to more violent clashes. The Opposition formed an alliance with the trade unions and launched a general strike, which ultimately brought about the downfall of the government. 如今，大学与现实世界的距离越来越小，学生也变得越来越实际。
从前， 2. 如今，大学与现实世界的距离越来越小，学生也变得越来越实际。
从前，大学是一个象 牙塔，学者追求的是学问本身而不是把学问作为达到目的的手段 目的的手段， 牙塔，学者追求的是学问本身而不是把学问作为达到目的的手段，但这样的时代已经一去 不复返了。
(shrink; gone are the days; a means to an end) Suggested answer: Nowadays, the gap between the university and the real world is shrinking and students are becoming more and more practical. Gone are the days when the university was an ivory tower in which scholars pursued knowledge as an end rather than a means to an end. 我从未指望靠上课来学好这门课。
但我确实去听课， 因为在课上我能了解这门课的重点， 3. 我从未指望靠上课来学好这门课。
但我确实去听课， 因为在课上我能了解这门课的重点， 学会如何组织材料、如何推理。
(hope; the place where) Suggested answer: lectures. I never hoped to learn the subject well by attending those lectures. But I did go to lectures, for it was the place where I could get the important points of the course and learn how to organize materials and how to reason. 我一直想方设法解决这个难题，但就是找不到满意的答案。
(work out; click) Suggested Suggested answer: Although I have been trying every means to solve the problem, I cannot work out a satisfactory solution. But when I went to the kitchen to get a drink, something clicked and made me realize that the solution might be quite simple. Unit2
Complete Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets and the suffix -ant or -ancy. 1. About 800,000 illegal enter the US every year. (immigrate) Correct answer immigrants TV 2. She says her dream is to be one of the on a TV reality show like "Big Brother". (contest) Correct answer contestants 3. I want to get a job as a teacher, but there aren't many at the moment. (vacant) Correct answer vacancies I have a friend who runs a management in London. (consult) Correct answer consultancy never opened her mouth. 4. 5. The trial lasted three days, during which time the (defend) Correct answer defendant 6. Mel can't make his mind up about anything. His is a bit worrying. (hesitant) Correct answer hesitancy 7. I don't know the way out of the building. Perhaps you should ask the over there. (attend) Correct answer attendant 8. A normal lasts for about 40 weeks. (pregnant) Correct answer pregnancy He worked as an headteacher for two years before coming here. (assist) Correct answer assistant 9. misComplete the answers with the correct form of the underlined words and the prefix mis-.
happens 1. What happens if you don't understand something properly? You it. Correct answer misunderstand 2. What have you done with something if it's in the wrong place? You have it. Correct answer misplaced good 3. What is the opposite of good fortune? It is . Correct answer misfortune 4. If you have made an incorrect judgement of someone's character, what have you done? You have made a . Correct answer misjudgement informed 5. If you have not been correctly informed about something, what has happened? You have been about it. Correct answer misinformed Now rewrite the sentences using by the time. Follow the example. Example: I accumulated a fixed circle of people. Then I lost my hearing. By the time I lost my hearing, I'd already accumulated a fixed circle of people. 1. I arrived at the party. Almost everyone had already left. Suggested answer: By the time I arrived at the party, almost everyone had already left. 2. At the age of two, children know about 100 words. Suggested answer: By the time children are two, they have known about 100 words.